Introduction Corrections Research Paper

A number of texts on corrections and imprisonment have been developed. Clear, et al. 2009 provides a broad survey of a range of topics on corrections and is appropriate as an introductory text for students. The Latessa and Holsinger 2005 reader includes annotated articles and could be used as a stand-alone text for undergraduate courses or as a supplementary text for a graduate course in corrections. For advanced graduate seminars, Morris and Rothman 1997 provides an excellent historical and theoretically informed discussion of imprisonment in the United States and abroad. Tonry and Petersilia 1999 is a compilation of a series of original review articles on topics ranging from imprisonment trends to violence in prison and inmate medical care. For a recent discussion of the future of corrections, Tonry 2006 provides an accessible anthology of works produced by top correctional scholars. Given the dramatic growth of incarceration in the past two decades, it is equally important to review electronic texts that include contemporary statistics. Pew Center on the States 2008 is an important illustration of imprisonment trends and is appropriate for established researchers and students new to the area.

  • Clear, Todd, George F. Cole, and Mike Reisig. 2009. American corrections. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Thompson Wadsworth.

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    Broad and accessible overview of prisons, jails, and community corrections. Suitable for undergraduate courses.

  • Latessa, Edward J., and Alexander Holsinger, eds. 2005. Correctional contexts: Contemporary and classical readings. 3d ed. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

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    Anthology of annotated classic and contemporary readings in corrections; includes materials on the history of corrections, institutional treatment, working in prison, and release from prison. Appropriate text for an advanced undergraduate class or an introduction to imprisonment in a graduate course.

  • Morris, Norval, and David J. Rothman, eds. 1997. The Oxford history of the prison: The practice of punishment in Western society. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

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    Edited collection of essays designed to trace the history of imprisonment in the United States, Great Britain, Europe, and Australia. Augmented with articles on jails, detention of juveniles and women, and the political prisoner.

  • Pew Center on the States. 2008. One in 100: Behind bars in America 2008. Washington, DC: Pew Charitable Trusts.

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    Provides a comprehensive narrative on the growth of imprisonment in the past two decades. Includes a number of cogent graphs; an excellent introduction to imprisonment trends for an undergraduate student. Available online.

  • Tonry, Michael, ed. 2006. The future of imprisonment. Oxford and New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

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    Edited volume of essays written by top penal scholars. Using a historical lens, the contributors provide theoretically rich analysis of current imprisonment policy. This sophisticated anthology is appropriate for policy makers and scholars alike.

  • Tonry, Michael, and Joan Petersilia, eds. 1999. Crime and justice: A review of research. Vol. 26, Prisons. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.

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    Comprehensive edited volume with articles from top scholars in the field. Covers research on trends in prison population growth, correctional treatment, prison misconduct, health care in prison, outcomes of prison for families and children, and parole.

  • CORRECTIONS RESEARCH PAPER AND EVALUATION 2 Corrections Research Paper and Evaluation When talking about Criminal Justice, most people do not realize that corrections falls under that same umbrella with law enforcement, courts, probation, and parole. Corrections is are designed to house people that are being punished for crimes that they have committed. This research paper is going to talk on corrections which is including jails, prisons, probation, and parole. The points in this paper that will be hit are trends of corrections, administration function, security, and treatment programs that help rehabilitate inmates so that they may be successful in not returning to the systems. Trends Many different trends have filtered through the justice system. In the corrections area of the justice system we see a trend of high recidivism rate amount people being released from jail and prisons. In the year 1994 a study done by the Bureau of Justice Statistics found that in inmates released we found that 67.5 percent were rearrested over the next three years (Bjs, 2005). We as a nation have a duty to try and reduce this rate, even if it is stopping the war on drugs, or reclassify marijuana from a schedule 1 narcotic which would help reduce the high population of low risk offenders who are spending time behind bars or even on community corrections like parole, or probation. With the growing number of inmates, we see a trend of people taking plea deals and end up out of jail or prison and instead find themselves on probation or parole. Correctional Organization Correctional organization is complex and the administration has a very difficult task. Administration officials are charged with staffing the jail, or prison. They ensure that all inmates are treated fairly and no laws are broke. Courts are where inmates are handed down their


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