Criminal profiling happens to be an investigative tool that is used mostly by the security forces. This is aimed at helping them predict and identify characteristics of criminals who are not yet known. This idea has many names as it can also be referred to as criminal personality profiling and criminological profiling (Kocsis, 223). Despite all these descriptions, it serves only one aspect of allowing investigators to compile and come up with the right description of the criminal involved. The criminal investigative analysis can also employ some geographical profiling to determine the location of the offender.
The criminal profiling procedure is applied by detectives for the purpose of fulfilling certain needs in the investigative report (Kocsis and Heller, 2004). For instance, the main point is to enable law enforcement officers to gain a high knowledge of the criminal. This is done on the basis of social and psychological aspects of the offender in order to understand the circumstances of the offence being committed (Kwok. 2005). This is followed by the second aim of providing the investigative bodies with a perfect psychological evaluation of the criminal. This is aided by the evaluation and scrutiny of the belongings of the criminal.
After these two processes, there is a third goal whose aim is to highlight suggestions as well as strategies for use during the interviews. As a matter of fact, in the modern world, criminal profiling happens to be a very critical step in investigative science hence being the third phase of the whole process. For instance, the first wave of criminology involved the studying of the criminal’s cues, and it was applied during the 19th century. The second phase followed later and this involved studying of the crime committed by the offender. This include issues such as frequency studies as well as other aspects of connecting the criminal with the events they participated in. currently, it’s now what we are referring to as criminal profiling and it majors on studying the criminal’s psyche.
The criminal profiling job is done by people referred to as criminal profilers, and they work closely with the detectives in the investigation. Their work is to help the detectives to come up with leads on high profile criminal suspects (Wroblewski, Wiggins and Ryan, 2006). With their knowledge, they identify various factors which explain almost everything about specific criminals. In this case, profilers engage in analyzing the information and materials collected from the scenes of crime.
The process of criminal profiling is also made effective by the information obtained from the ballistic experts. This applies on cases where there were incidences of shooting and some ballistic evidence is obtained (Bennell, Taylor and Snook, 2007). A criminal profile can be created from any blood stains and is done by blood stain analysts who undertake extensive research on the component. For instance, the Deoxyribonucleic acid of the criminal is able to be identified if their blood was left at the crime scene. As a whole, these groups can be referred to as forensic experts who look at all the aspects revolving around the crime. This is done for the purposes of coming up with clear descriptions of the criminal.
Criminal profiling thus deals with compiling and developing a perfect psychological profile of the criminal. The highest stronghold of getting this important information is the crime scene where every data is able to be collected. With this phase being associated with studying the psyche of a criminal, then it has to be done by experts. These are thus experienced forensic experts who have a high experience on criminal minds.
The criminal profile being emphasized in this case provides a sketch of the psychological status of the criminal.
Based on the information collected from the crime scene, a profiler can gain a lot of knowledge about the mental status of the offender. This aspect is thus very useful in homicide cases as the reason for undertaking such an act is well identified effectively (Bennell, Taylor and Snook, 400). As a matter of fact, if not applied, then many offenders can go scot free even after causing atrocities to the victims. Criminal profiling is thus an important aspect that works well with rapists, arsonists and homicide murderers.
To be precise, criminal profiling majors on the crime scene because the organization or disorganization of the criminal is identified (Kocsis, 2005). This is because there are criminals tend to plan things ahead before executing them. In this case, an organized criminal is known to plan ahead and lays everything in strategic positions waiting for the main deal. This is a person who does not take chances but is very prepared and carries everything that is needed. With such kind of information, profilers are able to determine the kind of person they are dealing with. With this, the detectives ought to be sharp because the person in question is a smart criminal who conceals any possible evidence.
On the other hand, the disorganized criminal tends to leave trails of evidence at the crime scenes something which eases crime profiling. According to researchers, most of the organized criminals happen to be the first children in their families (Torres, Boccaccini &Miller, 2006). It has also been concluded that they are very intelligent people who engage in certain actions due to some stressful situations. Due to secrecy and smartness involved, getting them tends to be very difficult as they conceal any evidence. As a result of this, they even go ahead to extend of watching as the investigations are being undertaken. In a case like this, criminal profilers tend to have a lot of work in compiling the necessary details about the offender.
On the other hand, it’s very easy to collect information about a disorganized criminal because of the spontaneous offenses they commit. In this case, a disorganized criminal depersonalizes the victim, hence erasing himself from the crime because there is not much to be analyzed. As a result of this, criminal profiling enables the drawing of lots of conclusions from the scene of crime (Kocsis, 2006). Criminal profiling has proved that most of these offenders are not intelligent enough to be very smart. In most cases, these comprise of children or medium age offenders who are not organized.
Criminal profiling tends to work well on analyzing the above stated criminals because of how they operate. However, this is different with criminals who possess both the criminal traits hence being more difficult to deal with. This is because the scene of crime seems to comprise of both aspects of disorganized, and an organized criminal. For instance, the offender might have used their own tools and randomly picked a victim (Snook, Eastwood and Gendreau, 2007). As a result of this complexity, creating a file of a mixed offender tends to be more complicated than for the other offenders. The detectives are at this stage faced with a lot of complications as the available materials for analysis are not easy to extract information.
At this point, criminal offenders have been seen to help in gathering information about the potential offenders. However, this is not the only function as it assists in narrowing the large numbers of suspected criminals presented by the police (Dowden and Bennell. 2006). As a result of this aspect, investigators have been able to apprehend many criminals by differentiating the guilty and the not guilty ones. This has been made possible by the ability of the criminal profiling to access the patterns of previous criminal activities. In this perspective, detectives have been able to easily highlight and predict the characteristics of the offenders in question. This is to mean that killers and other potential criminals do not get to escape free (Homant, 1998). They are thus caught and apprehended in order to prevent them from engaging in more criminal activities…
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The Journal of Criminal Justice is an international journal intended to fill the present need for the dissemination of new information, ideas and methods, to both practitioners and academicians in the criminal justice area. The Journal is concerned with all aspects of the criminal justice system in terms of their relationships to each other. Although materials are presented relating to crime and the individual elements of the criminal justice system, the emphasis of the Journal is to tie together the functioning of these elements and to illustrate the effects of their interactions. Articles that reflect the application of new disciplines or analytical methodologies to the problems of criminal justice are of special interest.
Since the purpose of the Journal is to provide a forum for the dissemination of new ideas, new information, and the application of new methods to the problems and functions of the criminal justice system, the Journal emphasizes innovation and creative thought of the highest quality.
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