Quina, Joana Gentil (2008) Essays on corruption in sub-Saharan Africa. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
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Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b2241812~S9
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We study three topics on corruption that are of particular relevance to sub-Saharan Africa.
Firstly, we address the question of why corruption is such an endemic problem in sub-Saharan Africa. Is it policy driven or "destiny"? We analyse indices of perceived corruption and test several theories regarding the causes of corruption. We find strong support for two arguments: Countries with a British heritage are perceived to be less corrupt, while those with a common law system are perceived to be more corrupt. We find weaker support for four further arguments: Countries with good quality institutions and a greater proportion of women in the labour force are perceived as less corrupt. Countries with greater natural resource abundance and with greater trade openness are perceived to be more corrupt.
Secondly, we look at the supply side of bribery. Within the public procurement process, we study how a firm's uncertainty regarding the official's corruptibility and rival firms' costs influences the magnitude of the bribe it offers. Due to the illegal nature of bribery, we also explicitly consider different punishment mechanisms for corrupt firms. We find that secrecy leads to lower bribe levels, and that bribery can be completely deterred by either appropriate fixed fines or by firms being fined punitive damages.
Thirdly, we investigate whether more corrupt governments receive less aid. We develop a theoretical framework that treats corruption as a tax on aid. Although we are unable to empirically test this model, we use it to motivate our empirical analysis of aid receipts using data on sub-Saharan Africa. We find a negative correlation between a country's perceived level of corruption and its aid receipts. However, we find no causal effect of perceived corruption on aid receipts. We revisit the results of an influential paper in the literature and find that their result of no evidence that countries perceived as more corrupt receive less aid is not robust to a sample of sub-Saharan African countries, although we find no evidence of a causal effect. We find no evidence that the impact of perceived corruption on aid receipts differs across sectors.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare|
D History General and Old World > DT Africa
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Corruption -- Africa, Sub-Saharan, Bribery -- Africa, Sub-Saharan, Economic assistance -- Africa, Sub-Saharan, Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Politics and government, Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Economic conditions|
|Official Date:||April 2008|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||Department of Economics|
|Supervisor(s)/Advisor:||Perroni, Carlo ; Walker, Ian, 1954-|
|Sponsors:||Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) ; Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian (FCG)|
|Format of File:|
|Extent:||378 leaves : charts|
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Essay on Corruption in Africa
524 Words3 Pages
Many unsolved problems in many African countries, but the issue of the rise of corruption are disturbing, and the amends it has done to the polity are vast. The fear of fraud leads to restrict movement of documents in offices, slow traffic on the highways, port congestion, ghost workers syndrome, queues at passport offices, police extortion tollgates and gas stations, vote irregularities among others. Even the nutty people on the road remember the devastation caused by bribery - the funds allocated for their success disappear into some people pockets. Thus, some people believe corruption is the bane of many African countries. Corruption is the main obstacle to slow down, and knock African economy growing. The problem keeps happening in…show more content…
Some of these definitions of fraud have been around for over decades, the current development in many African countries where discoveries of stolen citizens funds run into billions of US Dollars, make these definitions vary fairly and appropriate. Corruption is probably the main way to build up fast assets in many countries. Fraud occurs in many forms, and it has contributed massively to poverty and wretchedness of a huge part of the African population. I argued that for any fight against corruption to be successful in Africa. Here are some of the steps should be taken to curb corruption in Africa. Firstly, watch-dog agencies should be established like Economic and financial crime commission in Nigeria. There were being established to receive and inspect complaints made by individuals against abuses acts of public officials. Secondly, the government should require all chief executive or local officials should sign a statement granting permission to banks i.e. both local and overseas, real estate or property line to verify any assets they may think. Breaking this layer of privacy is necessary if attribute declarations are to be confirmed and accountability enforced. In Conclusion, Africa cannot be seen as safe and free until human rights were valued and protected by the government. Africa cannot be