Job-hunting today is a difficult process. Not only do you have to take the time out to look for a job, you also have to see which job is right for you. The process might seem so easy, but it is not. Job-hunting requires good planning. The process of job hunting today consist of good brainstorming of the important things you are looking for in a job, finding
the jobs, researching and making the final decisions on which job is the best one to go to for the interview. Depending on your job field and your requirements, you first need to find different companies that meet those requirements. For example, if one is interested in an accounting job, they have to find a company that has an opening for an accountant. Different companies have different criteria: salary, job environment, dress code, employees, location, and job description. Everyone has his or her own preferences when it comes satisfaction.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The process of job hunting first consists of brainstorming what one is looking for in a job. Brainstorming consists of making a list, a web, or short paragraph of what you are looking for in a job. The brainstorm will have different criteria: expected salary, job description, job environment, location, and other important things one must have for a job.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">After brainstorming, finding jobs is the next step. Newspapers and on-line web sites are great resources to start out with. This actually takes the longest time out of the whole job-hunting process. After brainstorming on location, and job description, this should speed up your findings. After finding out several jobs that interests you, researching for the job is the next process.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Researching the jobs you have selected is the most important process. If the company has a website, go to their website and find out more about what the company is about and what they offer. You can also call the company and ask if they can send a pamphlet or a brochure, if they have one. This can give you an idea of what the company is like. Make sure you research all the companies you have selected for an interview.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">After researching, one should choose the top jobs for interviewing. Two or three is a good range of number of jobs to go to for an interview. Having too many interviews can lead to confusion and it is time-consuming. After the interview, you will learn more about the company and it is a good way to feel the environment. Job environment is important because feeling comfortable in a job is an important aspect for everyone. When you go for the interview, make sure you get there a little early. This will give you a chance to look around and judge whether it is the right environment for you to work in.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">After the interview, brainstorm again on which job you liked best. Make sure you consider everything: salary, environment, etc. The processes of job-hunting mentioned above are difficult. It is time-consuming and you have to choose your jobs carefully, make good judgments and most importantly, have patience. Remember, plan ahead of time and don’t be late for your interviews; this can make for a bad first impression. Also, don’t give up if you don’t hear from the employers. Make sure that you keep trying. Good luck!</p>
For the Golden Girls episode, see List of The Golden Girls episodes § ep22.
Job hunting, job seeking, or job searching is the act of looking for employment, due to unemployment, underemployment, discontent with a current position, or a desire for a better position. The immediate goal of job seeking is usually to obtain a job interview with an employer which may lead to getting hired. The job hunter or seeker typically first looks for job vacancies or employment opportunities.
Local libraries and career centers have resources to aid in job searches. These resources come in multiple formats such as books or online databases and having the right tools can streamline the process make the job-hunt less stressful.
Common methods of job hunting are:
As of 2010, less than 10% of U.S. jobs are filled through online ads.
Researching the employers
Many job seekers research the employers to which they are applying, and some employers see evidence of this as a positive sign of enthusiasm for the position or the company, or as a mark of thoroughness. Information collected might include open positions, full name, locations, web site, business description, year established, revenues, number of employees, stock price if public, name of chief executive officer, major products or services, major competitors, and strengths and weaknesses.
Contacting as many people as possible is a highly effective way to find a job. It is estimated that 50% or higher of all jobs are found through networking.
Job recruiters and decision makers are increasingly using online social networking sites to gather information about job applicants, according to a mid-2011 Jobvite survey of 800 employers in the US.
Likewise, job seekers are beginning to use social networking sites to advertise their skills and post resumes. Today, job seekers can use resources such as Google+’s Circles, Facebook’s BranchOut, LinkedIn’s InMaps, and Twitter’s Lists to make employers notice them in a unique way. In 2014, using these social media networks has led to 1 of 6 job seekers finding employment.
Job seekers need to begin to pay more attention to what employers and recruiters find when they do their pre-interview information gathering about applicants, according to this 2010 study by Microsoft, "Online Reputation in a Connected World".
One can also go and hand out résumés or Curricula Vitae to prospective employers, in the hope that they are recruiting for staff or could soon be doing so. Résumés can also be submitted to online employment sites that aid in job searching. Another recommended method of job hunting is cold calling and, since the 1990s, emailing companies that one desires to work for and inquire to whether there are any job vacancies.
After finding a desirable job, they would then apply for the job by responding to the advertisement. This may mean applying through a website, emailing or mailing in a hard copy of a résumé to a prospective employer. It is generally recommended that résumés be brief, organized, concise, and targeted to the position being sought. With certain occupations, such as graphic design or writing, portfolios of a job seeker's previous work are essential and are evaluated as much, if not more than the person's résumé. In most other occupations, the résumé should focus on past accomplishments, expressed in terms as concretely as possible (e.g. number of people managed, amount of increased sales or improved customer satisfaction).
Since the year 2000, the Internet has been increasingly popular method for job applications, with many companies giving job applicants the option of applying through their company website, while some companies now have no alternative form of recruitment.
Main article: Job interview
Once an employer has received résumés, they will make a list of potential employees to be interviewed based on the résumé and any other information contributed. During the interview process, interviewers generally look for persons who they believe will be best for the job and work environment. The interview may occur in several rounds until the interviewer is satisfied and offers the job to the applicant.
Job hunting in economic theory
Economists use the term "frictional unemployment" to mean unemployment resulting from the time and effort that must be expended before an appropriate job is found. This type of unemployment is always present in the economy.Search theory is the economic theory that studies the optimal decision of how much time and effort to spend searching, and which offers to accept or reject (in the context of a job hunt, or likewise in other contexts like searching for a low price). People in work who use their time off-duty to job search has recently become the norm due to new jobs being mostly temporary and/or part-time (usually with not set hours) or professions becoming freelance, with people hired for individual projects rather than a lifelong job.